In 2013 the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI) conducted a research focusing on Palestinian
women in Hebron whose family members were arrested or detained. The research, directed by Dr.
Tamar Lavi, examined both the direct exposure of these women to violence and ill-treatment and their
mental adjustment after the arrest. The field study shows evidence of substantial direct exposal to violence
of the family members at all stages, from the arrest through the trial to the visits in the detention centres.
Professional literature recognizes that traumatic events can have long-term and severe psychological
repercussions both on the direct victims and on the family members of the trauma victims. Family members
are exposed to secondary traumatization. Although this is widely known in other cases, there is no
research documenting the mental adjustment of mothers and wives of detainees and prisoners.